Evaluating the diagnostic accuracy of undergraduates in Minas Gerais, Brazil, using the Fuzzy Kitten software

NANDA International 2012 Conference Abstract
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Session 1.4
Education & Implementation Track
Oral Poster

Karolina V. Lima
Virginia Lopes
Thamyris Salles
Maria A. Mendes
Maria Helena B. Lopes
Rodrigo Jensen

The aim of study is to assess the diagnostic accuracy of undergraduates in two schools of Minas Gerais, Brazil, using the Fuzzy Kitten software. The fuzzy logic theory has been inserted into nursing in various perspectives like philosophical discussions, data analyzing method and in the development of  technologies(Jensen & Lopes, 2011).One of the applications of this theory is the development of decision supporting models, helping nurses to identify the most accurate nursing diagnoses (Lopes,2008). One of the predicting factors of nurses’ diagnostic accuracy is teaching nursing diagnosis during graduation (Matos,2010). Thus, the teaching nursing diagnosis and the evaluation student’s diagnostic accuracy may favor the formation of the diagnostician nurse. Faced with the above considerations, an educational software was developed, Fuzzy Kitten, which allows us to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and clinical reasoning of nursing students (Jensen, Silveira, Ortega & Lopes,2010).In order to improve the teaching strategies of diagnostic reasoning used in graduation; this study, using the software Fuzzy Kitten as a tool, is based on the question: How is diagnostic reasoning developed by undergraduates in Nursing Schools of the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil? 

Results / Findings
Whereas data collection is scheduled for the month of November, at the beginning of the next year, we will provide the results of the work.

Discussion / Conclusion
At the moment, does not apply, however, in January we will present the data discussion.

A quantitative, descriptive, exploratory, experimental and cross approach will be carried out. The research subjects are 261 undergraduates from two schools in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Data collection will be held in November 2011, with application the Fuzzy Kitten software. This software proposes four stages in which the student establishes degrees of relevance. In the first stage, the student going to see a series of diagnoses with defining characteristics and risk factors, and going to define the degree of relationship between them. In the second, a clinical study is presented for reading. In the third stage, students should indicate the presence degree of defining characteristics and risk factors in this clinical study. In the fourth, the student will identify, based on the clinical history, the presence degree of the nursing diagnoses themselves. At the end of the activity, the software will compare the degrees of relevance established by the student with the degrees previously determined by a group of experts.

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